Salmon Farming and the Environment

Explore the interactions between salmon farming,
the environment and our society


Aquaculture is one of the fastest growing primary industries worldwide and a major contributor to regional economies. It is important that we ensure that it is environmentally sustainable. The well-being of our coastal and marine environments is very important from an environmental, social and economic perspective.

The way we use and enjoy our environment can affect it – for better or for worse. We refer to the interplay between how we use the environment and the resulting changes as ‘interactions’. Our interactions in the marine environment can affect the ecosystem services which it offers us. If we manage our marine resources well we should be able to both benefit society and maintain a healthy ecosystem.

Salmon farming is one of the many activities which interact with the environment, and those interactions are broad and varied. Whether these interactions are considered to be positive or negative often depends on the perspective and value judgements of those assessing them.

Here we provide a bit more insight into some of the potential interactions between salmon farming and the environment based on our research, and some links to more detailed sources of information if you would like further information.

Find out more about the different types of interactions by making a selection below.
To find out more about our research and read up on some frequently queried topics, visit our research insights page
Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies
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Taroona, Tasmania 7053 Australia
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Acknowledgment of Country
We acknowledge the palawa/pakana and Gadigal/Wangal people, the traditional custodians of the land and sea upon which we live and work, and their enduring cultures and knowledge of our oceans and coasts.

We recognise that decisions and practices affecting the future of Indigenous education and research are vital to the self-determination, wellbeing and livelihood of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, and to shaping the Australian society in which we live.
Copyright 2023 Institute for Marine and Antartic Studies.
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